As India catches up with industrialization, care should be taken to avoid the conventional paths of industrializing first and cleaning up later. It is possible to exploit the potential of green industrialization combining the objectives of industrialization as well as sustainable development. This would involve a policy shift towards the adoption of cleaner technologies as well as strategic interventions that help to harmonize the requirements of productivity-enhancing structural change with environmental objectives and to align national interests with the protection of global commons. ISID seeks to develop in the coming years a full-scale work programme on potential and opportunities for greener industrialization and support policy-making process.

Among the United Nations 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), SDG 9 on Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure is of particular interest to India and other South Asian countries that have not been able to harness the potential of industrialization for their development. The proposed subregional study will review the status of achievement of specific targets under SDG 9 in the subregion and identify the key gaps across the countries; it will identify the key challenges faced by the countries in the subregion in achieving SDG 9 targets; it will then analyze key challenges (and opportunities, if any) created by the Covid-19 pandemic and the geopolitical developments such as the Ukraine-Russian war; it will review the key means of implementation needed for achieving the targets; and identify the key issues and challenges for global, regional and subregional partnership towards accelerating the progress in respect of SDG 9. Finally, it will make some concluding remarks and summarize the policy lessons for the national, subregional, and international actions. It will feed into subregional and regional preparatory discussions on SDGs in the context of the High-Level Political Forum to be held in July 2023 in New York.

Research Team: Prof Nagesh Kumar and Dr Shiladitya Chatterjee

Status: [Proposal stage]

India while accelerating its industrial transformation can do it in a more sustainable manner by exploiting the potential of green industrialization combining the objectives of industrialization as well as ecological sustainability. Adoption of cleaner technologies as well as strategic interventions to harmonize the requirements of productivity-enhancing structural change with environmental objectives and to align national interests with the protection of global commons is the objective of green industrial strategy. For instance, the policies that incentivize the development and use of green technologies such as wind, solar, bioenergy, geothermal, hydrogen, and fuel-cell technologies, or those that help save other natural resources need to be adopted. While India has taken several initiatives towards the promotion of renewable energy and promoting energy efficiency, a comprehensive framework is yet to be evolved. ISID has started a discussion with Fletcher School’s Climate Policy Lab at the Tufts University to develop a collaborative research programme on green industrial strategy for India, taking advantage of their expertise and recent work on the subject. It would also involve participation of a researcher from the Belfer Centre for Science and International Affairs at the Kennedy School at Harvard University. A Policy Roundtable was organized as a first step with heads and experts from key think-tanks from India, the US and Germany, and UNIDO in April 2022. Follow-up work is in progress.

Research Team: Prof Nagesh Kumar, Prof Kelly Gallagher and Dr E Narasimham (Climate Policy Lab, Tufts University)

Status: [Ongoing]; project launched in April 2022 with a Policy Roundtable; time frame: 24 months.

      • Green Industrialisation in India: Opportunities and Challenges, PB #22-03, June 2022
      • Special Economic Zones and India’s Industrialisation: Opportunities, Challenges, and the Way Forward, PB #22-01, January 2022
      • India’s Defence FDI Policy: Issues and Prospects, K.S. Chalapati Rao & Biswajit Dhar, DN2020/03, May 2020
      • Towards Developing an Ecosystem for Electric Vehicles in India, M.M.K. Sardana, DN2019/04, October 2019
      • India’s Push for Electric Vehicles by 2030 would be a Win for Chinese Electric Car Manufacturers, M.M.K. Sardana, DN2018/03, March 2018
      • Scenario of Handheld Phone Market in India, M.M.K. Sardana, DN2018/01, January 2018
      • A Note on FRDI Bill, M.M.K. Sardana, DN2017/11, December 2017
      • Intensifying Competition in Telecom Sector in India, M.M.K. Sardana, DN2017/09, October 2017
      • Asset Quality of Scheduled Commercial Banks: A Prime Concern for Sustainable Growth, A Discussion Paper, P.S. Rawat, DN2017/07, July 2017
      • Advertising Campaigns and Strategies of Political Parties, M.M.K. Sardana, DN2017/06, June 2017
      • Sports Other than Cricket also Bound to Contribute to the Sports Economy in India, M.M.K. Sardana, DN2017/02, February 2017
      • Need to Recast the AMP 2026 in Light of Disruptive Trends that will Transform the Auto Industry, M.M.K. Sardana, DN2016/04, October 2016
        • Covid-19 Disaster: Interdependence of Crisis Communication and Socio-Economic Resilience, Jaishri Jethwaney, in V K Malhotra, R Fernando, S Lalitha, and Nivedita P Haran (Eds) Disaster Management for 2030 Agenda of the SDG, Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore, pp. 333–358, September 2020
        • Abysmal Demand Conditions and Technological Obsolescence in India’s Weaving Machinery Manufacturing, Sanjaya Kumar Malik, Journal of Public Affairs, published online, August 25, August 2020
        • Gender Equity for Women Journalists in the News Media Industry – A Far Cry, Jaishri Jethwaney, International Journal of Communication Development, Vol. 11, No. 1&2, pp. 7–25, July 2020
        • Decoding Ayushman Bharat: A Political Economy Perspective, Shailender Kumar, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. 55, No. 25, June 20, June 2020
        • Covid-19 Relief Package: Will Central Largesse Help Construction Workers?, Ajit Kumar Jha, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. 55, No. 17, pp. 20–22, April 2020
        • Penetration and Coverage of Government-Funded Health Insurance Schemes in India, Shailender Kumar, Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 1017–1033. , March 2020
        • Covid-19: An Opportunity for Pharma Exports, Reji K. Joseph, in AIC-EEPC (Eds) Covid-19: Challenges for the Indian Economy – Trade and Foreign Policy Effects, ASEAN-India Centre (AIC) – Engineering Export Promotion Council of India (EEPC), New Delhi. , January 2020
        • India’s Information Technology Industry: A Tale of Two Halves, Reji K. Joseph, Biswajit Dhar , in Kung-Chung Liu and Uday S Racherla (Eds) Innovation, Economic Development, and Intellectual Property in India and China: Comparing Six Economic Sectors, ARCIALA Series on Intellectual Assets and Law in Asia, Springer, Singapore, pp. 93–117, November 2019
        • The Challenges, Opportunities and Performance of the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry Post-TRIPS, Reji K. Joseph, Biswajit Dhar , in Kung-Chung Liu and Uday S Racherla (Eds) Innovation, Economic Development, and Intellectual Property in India and China: Comparing Six Economic Sectors, ARCIALA Series on Intellectual Assets and Law in Asia, Springer, Singapore, pp. 299–323, November 2019
        • Book Review- Mobile Telephony and Socio- economic Transformation by Balwant S Mehta, Akhilesh Kumar Sharma, FIIB Business Review, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 192–93, September 2019
        • Making PR/CC Practitioners See the Importance of Continuous Research, Jaishri Jethwaney, Kaleidoscope, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 19–24, September 2019
        • Growing Gender Insensitivity in Indian Advertising Narrative: A Critical Appraisal, Jaishri Jethwaney, Communication Today, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 17–25, July 2019
        • Level of Basic Infrastructure in the Slums: A Case Study of West Bengal from General to Specific, Surya Tewari, in Vishwa Raj Sharma and Chandrakanta (Eds) Making Cities Resilient, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 75–93, July 2019
        • Media Pluralism in Digital Era: The Implications, Jaishri Jethwaney, in Upendra Padhi (Ed) Communication 4.0: Communication in a Digital Age, Institute of Media Studies, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, June 2019
        • Appraisal of Gender Content in the Advertising Syllabi of Mass Communication Courses: A Case for Gendered and Inclusive Curricula, Jaishri Jethwaney and Thangkhansuan Gualnam, International Journal of Communication Development, Vol. 9, No. 3&4, pp. 1–18, June 2019
        • Macro-economic Impact of Income Generation Programmes for Farmers in India, Akhilesh Kumar Sharma, Journal of Income and Wealth, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 165–175. , June 2019
        • Brand Promotion on New Media in India, Jaishri Jethwaney, in Sunetra Sen Narayan and Shalini Narayanan (Eds) India Connected: Mapping the Impact of New Media (in Hindi and Marathi versions of the book; first published in English in 2016), Sage Publications, April 2019
        • Mapping Malnutrition amongst Children in India, Shailender Kumar, Rabiul Ansary, Geography and You, Vol. 19, Issue 14, No. 125, pp. 24–31, January 2019
        • Health Payments Burden in India: Examining the Role of Demand-side and Supply-side Health Financing Strategies, Shailender Kumar, The Journal of Institute of Public Enterprise, Vol. 41 (Special Issue), pp. 78–84, December 2018
        • Foreword, Atul Sharma, in T Satyanarayana, Chandan Hazarika, and Dipanjan Kashyap (Eds) Agribusiness Potential of Assam, Indian Society of Agricultural Marketing (IASM), Hyderabad. , September 2018
        • India’s Electronics Manufacturing Sector: Getting the Diagnosis Right, Smitha Francis, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. 53, No. 34, pp.112–117, August 2018
        • Health Payments and Household Well-being: How Effective are Health Policy Interventions?, Shailender Kumar, Economic & Political Weekly, Special Article, Vol. 52, No. 16, pp. 54–65. , September 2017
        • Growth of Formal and Informal Private Healthcare Providers in India: Structural Changes and Implications, Shailender Kumar, Journal of Health Care Finance, Vol. 44, No. 2, September–November. , September 2017
        • Out-of-pocket Payments for Healthcare in India: Who Have Affected the Most and Why, Shailender Kumar, Journal of Health Management, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1–15, March, April 2017
        • Review of Equity in Health and Healthcare Financing in South East Asia, Swadhin Kumar Mondal, in R K Mishra (Ed) Health system Strengthening: Country Experiences, Academic Foundation, New Delhi, July, September 2016
        • Building Inclusive Health Innovation Systems: Lessons from India, Technical Reports on Public Health, Dinesh Abrol, T Sundararaman, Harilal Madhavan, and K J Joseph, Cadernos de Saúde Pública (CSP), Vol. 32, Supl. 2, Rio de Janeiro 2016 Epub, November 03, pp. 51–60, July 2016
        • Liberalisation and Industrial Development: A Study of Machine Tool Industry in India, R. Rijesh, in C Veeramani and R Nagraj (Eds) International Trade and Industrial Development in India: Emerging Trends, Patterns and Issues, Orient BlackSwan, India, June 2016
        • Does Elderly Health Impact Poverty: Evidence from India, Indrani Gupta and Swadhin Kumar Mondal, n Karen Eggleston (Ed) Policy Challenges from Demographic Change in China and India, Stanford University Press, May 2016
        • Determinants of Public Expenditure on Health in India: A Panel Data Analysis at Sub-National Level, Shailender Kumar, Journal of Quantitative Economics, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 257–282, December, April 2016
        • Emerging Trends in Cropping Pattern, Crop Diversification and Agricultural Productivity, Kailas Sarap and Partha Pratim Sahu, in Pulin B Nayak, Santosh C Panda and Prasanta K Pattanaik (Eds) The Economy of Odisha: A Profile, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, pp. 27–53, April 2016
        • Effectiveness of Local Government and Community Participation in Health Service Delivery in Rural Haryana, Shailender Kumar, International Journal of Rural Management, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 27–50, April, February 2016
        • Developments in India’s Domestic Pharmaceutical Sector and Implications for Universal Healthcare in India, Reji K. Joseph, Biswajit Dhar , in India: Social Development Report 2014: Challenges of Public Health, Council for Social Development, New Delhi and Oxford University Press, September 2015
        • Growth and Development of Engineering Education in India, Pradeep Kumar Choudhury, in Khwaja M Shahid and Bhanu Pratap Pritam (Eds) Indian Higher Education at a Crossroads, Kalpaz Publications, Delhi, July 2015
        • Decentralisation for Good Governance and Development: Empirical Evidence from India, Shailender Kumar, in Surjit Singh and Dhruv Raina (Eds) Society and Development: Regional Perspectives, Rawat Publications, New Delhi, July 2015
        • Health Insurance, Health Access and Financial Risk Protection, Shailender Kumar, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. 50, No. 50, pp. 63–72, July 2015
        • Government Spending on Health in India: Some Hopes and Fears of Policy Changes, Shailender Kumar, Journal of Health Management, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 458–486, December, May 2015
        • Notes from the Field: Are Rural Medical Practitioners in India Competent?, Swadhin Mondal, Evaluation & the Health Professions, April 27 (DOI: 10.1177/0163278715583509). This article has also appeared in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), April 30, 2015 (BMJ 2015;350:h2338), May 2015
        • Inclusive Higher Education and its Access by the Underprivileged, Jinusha Panigrah, in Dinesha P T and Ramesh Higher Education: Between Quality and Reservations, Kalpaz Publications, December 2014
        • Policy Discourses in Higher Education: Impact on Access and Equity, Jinusha Panigrahi, in Higher Education for the Future, Kerala State Higher Education Council (KSHEC), Government of Kerala, Sage Publications, New Delhi, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 63–78, January, December 2014
        • Inclusive Higher Education and its Access by the Underprivileged, Jinusha Panigrah, in Dinesha P T and Ramesh Higher Education: Between Quality and Reservations, Kalpaz Publications, November 2014
        • Health Expenditure, Health Outcomes and the Role of Decentralised Governance: Evidences from Rural India, Shailender Kumar, Journal of Indian School of Political Economy, Vol. 26, No. 1-4, January–December, pp. 99–125, November 2014
        • Recent Trends in India’s Pharmaceutical Innovation in Access to Medicines in India, Dinesh Abrol, Pramod Prajapati, and Nidhi Singh, in Sakthivel Selvaraj, Dinesh Abrol, and K M Gopakumar (Eds) Access to Medicines in India, Academic Foundation, October 2014
        • Urban Health in India: Who is Responsible, Indrani Gupta and Swadhin Mondal, International Journal of Health Planning and Management, Vol. 30, No. 3, July, pp. 192–203, September 2014
        • Pharmaceuticals, Dinesh Abrol, Nidhi Singh, Pramod Prajapati, and Manjari Manisha, Sectoral Innovation Council Report titled Opportunities, Ecosystems & Roadmap to Innovations in Health Sector, NHSRC, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India., May 2014
        • Health Spending, Macroeconomics and Fiscal Space: A Study of SEAR Countries, Swadhin Mondal and Indrani Gupta, WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health, Vol. 3, No. 3, October–December, pp. 171–182, April 2014
        • Education Vouchers Scheme in India: Paper to Practice, Pradeep Kumar Choudhury, in Rajive Kumar and Narendra Kumar (Eds) Elementary Education in India, Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, Delhi, March 2014
        • Decentralisation, Community Participation and Health Sector Performance: Evidences from Rural Haryana of India, Shailender Kumar, in Suresh Sharma and William Joe (Eds) National Rural Health Mission: An Unfinished Agenda, Bookwell, Delhi, India, pp159–182, March 2014
        • Catastrophic Out-of-pocket Payment for Healthcare and Implications for Household Coping Strategies: Evidence from West Bengal, India, Swadhin Mondal, H Lucas, D Peters, and B Kanjilal , Economics Bulletin, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 1303–1316, February 2014
        • Regional Variation in Health Infrastructure and Health Outcomes, Shailender Kumar, in Inter-Regional Disparities in Haryana, report prepared by Institute for Development and Communication (IDC), Chandigarh for Planning Department, Government of Haryana, Chapter 5, August 31, February 2014
        • Performance of Public Health Care System in India: The Role of Decentralised Institutions, Shailender Kumar, in Surinder Kumar and Kulwant Singh (Eds), Fiscal Reforms and Sub-National Governments: Reflections from State Studies, CRRID, Chandigarh, January 2014
        • Relationship between Education and Poverty in India: An Empirical Study, Pradeep Kumar Choudhury, North Orissa University Journal of Social Science, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 61–76, October 2013
        • An Economic Analysis of Demand for Higher Education in India: A Study of Engineering Education in Delhi, Pradeep Kumar Choudhury, Journal of Educational Planning and Administration, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 311–319, April 2013
        • Fiscal Space for Health Spending in South East Asia, Indrani Gupta and Swadhin Mondal, Journal of Health Care Finance, Vol. 39, No. 4, pp. 68–82, February 2013
        • Public Financing of Technical Education in India: Issues and Challenges, Pradeep Kumar Choudhury, in Rajiv Kumar and Narendra Kumar (Eds) Higher Education in India, Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, Delhi, January 2013
        • Scenario of Climate Change Research Publication in BASIC Group of Countries, Dinesh Abrol, V K Upadhyay, and Bhim Singh, International Journal of Current Research, Vol. 5, pp. 21–36, January 2013
        • State of Higher Education in India, S R Hashim, in R Radhakrishna (Ed), India Development Report 2008, Oxford University Press, June 2008